The most common mode of private transport in Japan apart from cars.
Inside Japan the retail prices of any brand new car regardless of models are really affordable relatively. Whats is costly about car ownership are parking fees, inspections fees, regular maintenance and cost for recycle.
Bicycles are the best alternatives for private use.
Furthermore public road designs cater to bicycles usages.
By the way, there are interesting rules “Don’t drink and cycle”!
We know “Don’t drink and drive” refer to consumption of alcohol and driving vehicle, this “Don’t drink and cycle” means no consumption of alcohol and cycling!
Well there are those do don’t observe such rules but if accident do happen, this can become serious problem.
Overall, cycling is an effective transportation tool in Japan.